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I. National Legislation
1. ( Eastern / Western) Germany
Zivilprozessordnung - German Code of Civil Procedure
German EGBGB
Bürgerliches Gesetzbuch - German Civil Code
Handelsgesetzbuch - German Commercial Code
2. Netherlands
Dutch Code of Civil Procedure
Nieuw Burgerlijk Wetboek - New Netherlands Civil Code ( Dutch Civil Code )
3. Switzerland
Schweizer Obligationenrecht - Swiss Law of Obligations
IPRG - Swiss International Private Law (Swiss PIL)
4. Other European Countries
Belgian Civil Code
French Code Civil 1804
French Code Civil 2016
Italian Codice Civile
Czechoslovak International Trade Code
Allgemeines Bürgerliches Gesetzbuch - Austrian Civil Code
English Arbitration Act 1996
Danish Contracts Act
Austrian Arbiration Law 2006
Scottish Arbitration Bill 2009
Arbitration (Scotland) Act 2010
Spanish Código Civil
Finnish Contracts Act
5. (North / South) America
Sec. 4, US Uniform Mediation Act, available under
Civil Code Québec 1991
US Uniform Arbitration Act 2000
Civil Code Québec
Uniform Commercial Code (USA)
Louisiana Civil Code 2015
7. Russia
Russian Civil Code
6. Arabia, Asia and Africa
Egyptian Civil Code
Japanese Civil Code
South-African "Conventional Penalties Act" of 1962 (Wet No. 15 of 1962)
Contract Law of the People's Republic of China
OHADA Uniform Act Relating to General Commercial Law (Translation)
UAE Law of Commercial Procedure 1994
OHADA Uniform Act Relating to General Commercial Law (Translation)
OHADA Uniform act on arbitration
Organization for the Harmonization of Business Law in Africa (OHADA), Uniform act relating to general commercial law
II. Conventions
United Nations Convention on Contracts for the International Sale of Goods (CISG)
UNIDROIT Convention on International Factoring (Ottawa, 28 May 1988).
UNIDROIT Convention on International Financial Leasing (Ottawa, 20 May 1988).
Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties of 1969
Convention on Agency in the International Sale of Goods (Geneva, 17 February 1983).
Rome Convention on the Law Applicable to Contractual Relations of October 9, 1980, OJ EU, No. L 266
The Unified Agreement for the Investment of Arab Capital in the Arab Countries
OECD Convention on Combating Bribery of Foreign Public Officials in International Business Transactions. (Fulltext available at:
United Nations Convention against Corruption
United Nations Convention on the Recognition and Enforcement of Foreign Arbitral Awards, 1958 (New York Convention)
Uniform Law on the Formation of Contracts for the International Sale of Goods
Uniform Law on the International Sale of Goods
III. Model Laws
UNCITRAL Model Law on International Commercial Arbitration, 1985
Fontaine, Marcel, OHADA Uniform Act On Contract Law Preliminary Draft
IV. Restatements
Principles of European Contract Law - PECL
Principles of the Existing EC Contract Law (Acquis Principles)
The Most Recent Legal Principles Adopted by the Arbitral Tribunals under the Auspices of the Cairo Centre, CRCICA-Newsletter, Jan. 1997, page 2 et seq.
Code Européen des Contrats - European Contract Code
A Contract Code: Drawn up on Behalf of the English Law Commission
American Restatement 2nd of the Law of Contracts
UNIDROIT Principles of International Commercial Contracts 2016
OHADAC principles on international commercial contracts
V. Arbitration Rules
DIS Arbitration Rules 1998, downloadable at
Annex to the DIS Arbitration Rules 1998 - Supplementary Rules for Expedited Proceedings 2008
ICC Arbitration Rules 1998
Art. 7 ICC ADR Rules
London Court of International Arbitration (LCIA) Rules
WIPO Arbitration Rules
UNCITRAL Conciliation Rules 1980, YCA 1981, 165 et seq.
CEDR Code of Conduct for Mediators and other Third Party Neutrals
ICDR International Dispute Resolution Procedures (including Mediation and Arbitration Rules)
UNCITRAL Arbitration Rules 1976
UNCITRAL Arbitration Rules 2010 (revised)
Swiss Rules of International Arbitration 2006
Camera Arbitrale di Milano - Arbitration Rules 2010
VI. Arbitration Best Practices
IBA Guidelines on Conflicts of Interest in International Arbitration, 2004
IBA Rules of Ethics for International Arbitrators 1987
IBA Rules on the Taking of Evidence in International Arbitration 2010
VII. Mediation Rules
DIS Mediation/Conciliation Rules, 2002
ICDR International Dispute Resolution Procedures (including Mediation and Arbitration Rules)
Camera Arbitrale di Milano, International Business Mediation Rules, October 2008
VIII. Research Papers
Lamaud, Emmanuel, Comparison Between the CENTRAL List and the Vienna Convention for the International Sale of Goods - Specific Topics (research paper 2006)
Yildirim, Ahmet Cemil, Equilibrio Contrattuale Nei Principi UNIDROIT e Nel Diritto Turco (research paper 2009)
IX. Historic Awards / Materials
1. Antiquity
The Iliad, Homer, Book XVIII, 497 et seq. (ca. 650 B.C.)
The Odyssey 11.568-571, Homer (ca. 650 B.C.)
Demosthenes, Against Midias, Section 94, 361 BC
TEXNH PHTOPIKH (Rhetorics by Aristotle), Aristoteles (ca. 329-323 B.C.), Book I, Chapter 13, 1374b19-23
England's Oldest Surviving Arbitral Award (AD 118) with an introduction by Derek Roebuck (Early English Arbitration, 2008, p. 50 et seq.)
Roger Tomlin, A Five-Acre Wood in Roman Kent, in J. Bird, M.W.C. Hassall, H. Sheldon (eds), Interpreting Roman London: Papers in Memory of Hugh Chapman (Oxford 1996), p. 209 et seq.
Tillus Sassius v Muncipality of Histonium (AD 19) with an introduction by Derek Roebuck ('Roman Arbitration', 2004, p. 181 et seq.)
The Bible, 1st Kings (Judgment of King Salomon), Chapter 3, Vers 16-18
Corpus iuris civilis
2. Middle Ages
Shepard, James W.,The Rôles d'Oléron- A Lex Mercatoria of the Sea?, in Piergiovanni, Vito (ed), From Lex Mercatoria to commercial law (2005), S. 207 et seq. (ca. 1200)
Papal Bull of 1208, The acts of the Parliament of Scotland, Vol. 1, 1844, p. 391 et seq.
"Kleine Schied" and "Vorausschied" (Small and Preliminary Award), both rendered by Albertus Magnus in 1252
"Großer Schied" ("Great Award") of June 28, 1258 rendered by Albertus Magnus
The Re-establishment of peace between Henry, the king of England, and the barons of his realm, Award made at 23 January 1264
Siete Partidas, Partida III, Título IV, Ley XXIII, written between June 26, 1256 and August 28, 1265
Charters of the Abbey of Coupar Angus, Vol. II, Charter CXXIV (No. 124), 22 April 1418
Historic Scottish Arbitration Act 1426
Edit de Fontainebleau, August 1560.
The Rape of Lucrece, William Shakespeare, 1594
3. Modern Times
Undated letter (around 1600) to Sir Nathaniel Bacon
Vynior's Case, 8 Co. Rep. 81 b. et seq. (1609)
Regiam Majestatem Scotiæ veteres leges et constitutione, liber secundus, de iudiciis (Scottish Law Books, Vol. 2), 1609
Malynes, Gerard, Consuetudo, Vel Lex Mercatoria or The Ancient Law-Merchant (1st. ed., 1622)
Malynes, Gerard, Consuetudo, Vel Lex Mercatoria or The Ancient Law-Merchant (1st. ed., 1622), Chapther XV (with notes: 9(3) Arb. Int'l 323 (1993)).
Anthony Gibson against Edward Ferrers (Court decision on an Award rendered by Gerard Malynes in December 1623. Introduction by Derek Roebuck),  (1996) 62 Arbitration 12 et seq.
A court, holden att Boston, November 7th, 1632, Records of the governor and company of the Massachusetts bay in New England. Printed by order of the legislature (1853), at p. 101 et seq.
Laws and Ordinances of New Netherland, 1638-1674
Peace of Westphalia 1646-1648
The Duke of York’s Laws for the government of the Colony of New York, 1665-1675
Historic English Arbitration Act 1698
The Arbitration Provision in the Great Peace of Montreal (August 4, 1701)
Letter to the N.Y. Weekly Post Boy, 20th of May 1751, Three Centuries of Commercial Arbitration in New York: A Brief Survey, William Carton Jones, Washington University Law Review, Volume 1956, Issue 2, at Page 193 et seq.
Kyd, S., A Treatise on the Law of Awards (1st ed. 1791), at p. 2-5
Swift, Zephaniah, A System of the Laws of the State of Connecticut, Volume II, at p. 7-10 (1796)
Arbitration clause in The Will of George Washington (Transcription), 1799
Boretts v. Patterson, Tay. 37, 1 N.C. 126 (N.C.Super.L. & Eq.), 1799 WL 125 (N.C.Super.L. & Eq.))
Treaty of Peace and Amity between His Britannic Majesty and the United States of America (The Treaty of Ghent), signed on December 24, 1814 in the Flemish city of Ghent
Daniel Harmer v William Errington Bell and Others ("In Rem Jurisdiction of English Admiralty Courts") 13 E.R. 884 (1851)
Treaty between the United States and Great Britain, 1871 (Washington Treaty)
Alabama Claims Arbitration 1872, in John Bassett Moore (ed.), History and Digest of the International Arbitrations to which the United States has been a Party, 1898
Sir Alexander Cockburn's dissenting opinion in the Alabama Claims Arbitration of September 14th, 1872
Arbitration Bond (i.e. Agreement) and Award, 1878
Ad Hoc-Award of October 27, 1883, Owners of M/S Parthenia (Mssrs. Houlder Bros and Co.) v. The Executors of the Late Ralph Firbank
A Letter to the Times, 11th of August 1892, Sources for the History of Arbitration - A Bibliographical Introduction, Derek Roebuck, Arbitration International Volume 14 Number 3, at Page 237 et seq.
France v. Venezuela: Award of the President of the Swiss Confederation in the Case of Fabiani (30th Dec. 1896), in: Moore, John Bassett, History and Digest of the International Arbitrations to which the United States has been a Party, Washington 1898, Vol. V, at p. 4878
Ad Hoc-Award of March 29, 1900, Great Britain & United States v. Portugal, The National Archives (PRO) FO 881/7637X and FO 03/77/57
The Pious Fund of the Californias, The United States of America vs. The United Mexican States, Permanent Court of Arbitration, 14. October 1902
Re Polemis, [1931] 4(2) Cambridge Law Journal 125
Lena Goldfields v. Soviet Government, Award of 2nd Sept 1930, German original text previously unpublished; English translation: 36 Cornell Law Quarterly (1950/1951), at 42 et seq.
Goldman, Berthold, Le Monde ( 4th Oct. 1956 ), p. 3
(Award by Michael R.E. Kerr, QC) Dawson's Field and Cairo Excess Loss Reinsurances, April 1972
Final settlement of the dispute between the Swiss Cantons of Zurich and Saint-Gall regarding cultural goods transferred from Saint-Gall to Zurich during the Battles of Villmergen (27 April 2006)
A project of CENTRAL, University of Cologne.