No. II.5 - Attribution of knowledge to principal

Facts which the agent knows or ought to have known are attributable to the principal.

The principal may not misuse the agency by arguing that he was not aware or did not know certain facts which his agent knew or ought to have known. Because the agent acts for the principal and with authority granted by the latter, his knowledge is attributed to the principal.

Please cite as: "Commentary to Trans-Lex Principle ,"
Dölle, Hans (ed.), Kommentar zum Einheitlichen Kaufrecht, Comment on Art. 10 by Ulrich Huber, Munich 1976.
Dölle, Hans (ed.), Kommentar zum Einheitlichen Kaufrecht, Comment on Art. 10 by Ulrich Huber and on Art. 17 by Eduard Wahl, Munich 1976.
Esser, Josef, Grundsatz und Norm in der richterlichen Fortbildung des Privatrechts, 4th ed., Tübingen 1990
Jenks, Edward et al., A Digest of English Civil Law, London, Sydney, Calcutta, Winnipeg, Wellington 1921.
Magnus, Ulrich, Aktuelle Fragen des UN-Kaufrechts, 1 ZEuP 1993, at 79 et seq.
Magnus, Ulrich, Die allgemeinen Grundsätze im UN-Kaufrecht, 59 RabelsZ 1995, at 469 et seq.
Schilken, Eberhard, Wissenszurechnung im Zivilrecht, Bielefeld 1983
International Legislation
United Nations Convention on Contracts for the International Sale of Goods (CISG)
National Legislation
Bürgerliches Gesetzbuch - German Civil Code
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UNIDROIT Principles of International Commercial Contracts
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