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No. I.3.2 - Lex specialis-Principle

Specialized laws prevail over general laws ("lex specialis derogat legi generali").

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1 The Principle contains a generally recognized rule of interpretation pursuant to which the more specific provision takes precedence over the more general one.

2 The Principle is based on the presumption that, in enacting a law or drafting a contract provision, a lawmaker or contract drafter does not want to create a law or contractual provision that would be devoid of any scope of application. This would be the case if the general rule always prevailed.

Please cite as: "Commentary to Trans-Lex Principle ,"



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Arbitral AwardsCourt DecisionsDoctrine

Arbitral Awards

ICC Award No. 5946 of 1990, YCA 1991, at 97 et seq.Iran-US Claims Tribunal, Amoco Int‘l Finance Corp. v. Iran, 15 IRAN-U.S. C.T.R., at 189 et seq. 

Court Decisions

Cour de cassation chambre criminelle, No. 02-80.893, 17th December 2002 


Ascensio, Hervé, Principes généraux du droit, in: Rép. internat. Dalloz février 2004 at page 1 et seq.Brière, Carine, La Convention dite CMR prime sur la Convention de Bruxelles, in: Recueil Dalloz 2005 at page 547 et seq.Domingo, Ortega, Rodriguez-Antolin, Zambrana, Principios de Derecho Global, Navarra, 2006Schulze, Reiner, Gemeineuropäisches Privatrecht und Rechtsgeschichte, in: Müller-Graff (ed.), Gemeinsames Privatrecht in der Europäischen Gemeinschaft, Baden-Baden 1993, at 71 et seq. 

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